Automation Testing Types

automation testing

Automation is an innovative technology that continues to amaze humanity with each passing day. It has the ability to pave the path for the future of technology and help in the ongoing expansion of its applications. But what exactly is Automation Testing?

What Exactly Is Automation Testing?

Automation testing is a way of testing software products that uses specialised testing tools and frameworks to eliminate human interaction leading to mistakes. This strategy indirectly improves product quality.

The testing is carried out with the assistance of automated tools. This method entails creating a specific test script and testing the execution flow based on the test scripts.

The actual outputs are compared to the projected outcomes to ensure the application’s dependability and quality.

Automation testing makes it easier to do repetitive and time-consuming jobs.

Types of Automation Testing

Automation testing is broadly divided into three types, which are as follows:

  1. Automation Testing Based on Testing Types
  2. Automation testing based on testing phases
  3. Automation Testing Based on Test Types
  4. Automation Testing Based on Testing Types

These can be classified into two groups based on the type of testing:

  1. Functional Testing

Functional testing focuses around the main function of the product and tests all of the application’s features. It usually dictates the needs of the customer. Functional testing is used to validate the software’s behaviours. There are two ways to go about it: automated or manual.

  1. Non Functional Testing

This type of testing deals with the product’s behaviour and its ability to validate non-functional elements such as performance, reliability, usability, and so on. It is typically customer-centric or based on their expectations. Non-functional testing is used to validate the software’s performance. It is a time-consuming process that cannot be completed manually. One example is the time it takes for a dashboard to load on a website.

Automation testing based on testing phases

  1. Unit Testing

A Unit is the smallest component of the software. Because it provides an overall view of the code’s performance, all of the different pieces of the code must work as desired for the product’s success. Because sections of code are tested at a time, the execution time is reduced. This type of testing is often preferred by developers.

2. API Testing

The Application Programming Interface (API) is the link between the user interface and the database.

The major purpose of this form of testing is to ensure that the application works properly from start to finish. The testers will not have access to the source code, and there will be no participation of keyboard inputs or outputs.  The result is achieved by instructing the software to send API calls, and the testers record the system’s response to ensure functionality.

3. UI Testing

The testers in this case are looking for the validity of the visible items. On the system’s screen, these elements include the fields, labels, buttons, links, text fields, and graphics. For an amazing user experience, the elements stated above must be appropriately shown and work as intended.

The testing ensures that the application’s functionality in handling the user’s activities via input devices such as the keyboard, mouse, and so on is checked. The goal is to deliver a simple and user-friendly user interface (UI) and experience.

Automation Testing Based on Test Types

  1. Smoke Testing

Smoke testing, also known as build verification testing, is performed during the early stages of application testing. When a new feature or capability is introduced to the existing structure, smoke testing serves as a checkpoint for moving on to the next testing stage.

  1. Integration Testing

Integration testing is known by several names, including I&T testing, string testing, and, less frequently, thread testing. The purpose of this testing is to ensure proper communication between all of the application’s critical parts. In simple terms, software is made up of numerous small modules, which are logically grouped during integration testing. They are then evaluated as a group to uncover flaws while still allowing interaction between these modules.

  1. Regression Testing

If the certainty about the software’s function has to be checked after particular modifications in the structure, regression testing is performed. The types of changes that can be made include bug fixes, configuration adjustments, and programme improvements. It works by re-running functional and non-functional tests on the application.

  1. Security Testing

The tester should avoid experiencing data breaches, losing income, and harming reputation due to unauthorised access. Security testing is conducted to prevent malicious intrusions and incidents completely, unravelling the underlying risk threads in the software.

The dangers in the software programme also include numerous flaws, threats, malware, and so on. This type of testing assists you in identifying all flaws and vulnerabilities in the system’s security that can be avoided immediately by implementing appropriate solutions.

  1. Performance Testing

Even with an amazing workload, the product should operate efficiently and without delay. As a result, testing the product prior to launch is critical to ensure its responsiveness, agility, speed, stability, reliability, and robustness under specified workloads. Checking the browser’s response time and the server request processing time is a great example of performance testing.

  1. Acceptance testing

Acceptance testing is the final stage of testing before the product/software is released. It is carried out to guarantee that all of the consumer’s needs, corporate requirements, and client demands are met. It also assesses whether the goods are fit to be delivered.


To summarise, the various types of automation testing provide solutions for a variety of needs. Our automation software testing course and  automation testing classes provide the necessary expertise to handle various types effectively, whether you’re going into functional, performance, or integration testing. Enrol now to hone your abilities and build skill in a range of automated testing methods. With our extensive training, you can stay ahead in the ever-changing field of automated testing!