Eternal Shine: Mastering the Art of Fine Jewellery Maintenance

fine jewellery

Fine jewellery is more than just an accessory; it’s an investment, a piece of art, and often, a cherished heirloom. Whether it’s a sparkling diamond necklace or a vintage gold ring, every piece tells a story. But like all precious things, fine jewellery requires special care to ensure its lustre remains intact for generations to come. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the essential steps to care for your treasured pieces, ensuring they remain as dazzling as the day you first laid eyes on them.

1. Regular Cleaning

Dirt, dust, and daily wear can diminish the sparkle of gemstones and the sheen of metals. Regular cleaning can help maintain their brilliance.

  • Diamonds: Use a soft-bristled brush, warm water, and mild dish soap. Gently scrub the diamond and the setting. Rinse with warm water and gently dry with a soft cloth.
  • Pearls: These are delicate and can easily scratch. Use a soft cloth dampened with water. Avoid soaking them as this can weaken the silk thread.
  • Gold & Platinum: Soak in a solution of warm water and mild dish soap for about 20-30 minutes. Gently scrub with a soft-bristled brush and rinse thoroughly.

2. Safe Storage

Storing your jewellery properly can prevent scratches, tangling, and other damage.

  • Separate Compartments: Each piece should have its own compartment or pouch. This is especially important for pieces with gemstones to prevent them from scratching each other.
  • Avoid Extreme Temperatures: Store your jewellery in a cool, dry place. Extreme temperatures and humidity can damage certain gemstones.

3. Regular Inspection

It’s essential to inspect your jewellery regularly, especially the pieces you wear daily. Look for loose gemstones, bent prongs, or any signs of wear and tear. If you notice any issues, it’s best to consult with professional or renowned trusted jewellers in Kolkata or other major cities for repairs.

4. Avoid Harmful Chemicals

Exposure to chemicals can damage or discolour precious metals like gold, silver, and platinum.

  • Perfumes & Lotions: Apply them before you put on your jewellery. The chemicals in these products can tarnish metals and harm porous gemstones like pearls.
  • Swimming: Chlorine in swimming pools can react with metals, leading to colour changes and structural damage.

5. Professional Cleaning

While regular home cleaning is beneficial, it’s also a good idea to have your jewellery professionally cleaned once a year. Professionals have the tools and expertise to clean intricate designs and hard-to-reach areas.

6. Insurance & Documentation

For high-value pieces, consider getting them insured. Keep a record of all purchase receipts, certificates of authenticity, and appraisals. This documentation can be invaluable in case of loss, theft, or damage.

7. Know When to Take It Off

While it might be tempting to wear your favourite pieces all the time, there are certain activities where it’s best to leave them off:

  • Gardening: Dirt and small rocks can scratch metals and gemstones.
  • Cooking: Food particles and oils can get lodged in settings and crevices.
  • Exercising: Sweat can tarnish metals, and rigorous activities can lead to accidental damage.

8. Travel Tips

If you’re travelling with your jewellery:

  • Use a Travel Case: This will have compartments to keep your pieces separate and safe.
  • Carry It On: Never check in your fine jewellery. Always keep it with you in your carry-on bag.

9. Understanding Your Jewellery’s Material

Different materials have unique properties, and understanding them can guide your care routine:

  • Silver: This metal tarnishes when exposed to air. Store in an airtight bag and clean with a special silver cloth or a mild soap solution.
  • Gemstones: Some gemstones like emeralds are oil-treated, which means they require gentle cleaning without harsh chemicals. Others, like opals, are sensitive to temperature changes.

10. The Importance of Proper Handling

Always pick up rings by their band, not by the gemstone. This prevents natural oils from your fingers from clouding the stone and also avoids unnecessary pressure on the setting.

11. Ultrasonic Cleaners: Yay or Nay?

Ultrasonic cleaners use sound waves to clean jewellery. While they’re effective for diamonds and some hard gemstones, they can be damaging for softer stones like pearls, opals, and turquoise. Always consult with a professional before using one.

12. Refrain from DIY Fixes

It might be tempting to try and fix a loose gemstone or a broken clasp on your own, but this can often lead to more damage. Always trust professionals to handle repairs.

13. Pearl Care

Pearls are organic gemstones and require special attention:

  • Restringing: If you wear your pearl necklace often, consider restringing it every couple of years to ensure the thread doesn’t weaken and break.
  • Wear Them Often: Pearls benefit from the natural oils in your skin, which can keep them lustrous.

14. Mind the Order

When getting ready, your jewellery should be the last thing you put on and the first thing you take off. This ensures minimal contact with potentially damaging substances like makeup, hairspray, and perfume.

15. Educate Yourself

If you’re in the market for new pieces, educate yourself about the materials, craftsmanship, and origin. This not only ensures you get value for your money but also helps in understanding the care the piece demands. For instance, if you’re looking for exquisite diamonds, visiting diamond jewellers in Kolkata can provide insights into the quality and care of the gemstones.


Fine jewellery embodies elegance, history, and personal stories. With the right care, these pieces not only retain their beauty but also their value. Whether it’s a family heirloom or a new acquisition, every piece of jewellery deserves to be treated with respect and care. By following this comprehensive guide, you ensure that your treasured pieces remain timeless and radiant for generations to come.