writing techniques and guidelines

Readers can better comprehend the subject of your article and if the content is pertinent to their studies with the aid of an engaging and well-written abstract. Additionally, crucial for indexing in online databases is an abstract.

The definition of an abstract, types of abstractions, and writing an abstract is all covered in this article. To help you in creating your own abstract, we also provide an example.

Key Conclusions:

  • A succinct description of a lengthy work, such as a dissertation or research paper, called an abstract enables readers to decide whether to read the entire work.
  • Abstracts, typically between 150 and 250 words and one to two paragraphs long, should be prepared after completing the whole article.
  • The problem you’re attempting to address, the reason for your study, the approaches to locate the answer, the outcomes, and the consequences of your findings should all be stated in the abstract.

Describe the Abstract

A research paper’s abstract summarises its main points concisely and impacts fully. It comprises standard terms across the whole text and is generally original writing, not an extract from a more extensive work.

Abstracts Often Have Four Key Components:

  • Goals: Clearly state the goals and significance of your study. This also offers a description of the issue or problem.
  • Methodology: Describe the research techniques used to find your query answer.
  • Results: List the critical findings of the investigation.
  • In conclusion, what ramifications do your findings have?

Abstracts are helpful because they enable readers to decide quickly if an article is what they’re looking for or piques their interest. Abstracts may also be used for indexing in online databases.

How and When to Write an Abstract?

Although it appears at the beginning of your paper, the abstract should be written after the body of your work. It should stand alone as a summary of the whole article and should be understandable to someone who hasn’t read your paper or the relevant sources.

The abstract should be on a separate page and is often placed after the acknowledgements and title page but before the table of contents.

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Writing an Abstract: A How-To

The fundamental steps of writing an abstract are as follows:

1. Compose Your Essay.

The first step is composing your research paper because the abstract summarises a research study. Even if you are confident of the information you will include in your paper, reserve the abstract to the conclusion so you can precisely summarise the results you discuss in the article.

2. Examine the Prerequisites

There can be specific guidelines about length or style if you’re writing for a journal or a work assignment. Before you begin writing the abstract, go through all of the prerequisites.

3. Consider Your Publication and Audience

Because abstracts help readers rapidly decide if they want to keep reading your work, it’s crucial to consider your audience while you write the abstract. For instance, does it need to be written so that a general reader can understand it, or should it be written in style acceptable for academics or the medical field?

4. Describe the Issue.

This speaks to the particular issue your study addresses or seeks to resolve. Decide whether your research will focus on a particular or a generic issue, and then specify your core argument or assertion.

5. Describe Your Procedures.

The steps you followed to complete your study, including the research you completed, the variables you included, and your technique, will next be described. Include any supporting documentation you had for your claim.

6. Outline Your Outcomes

Share the broad conclusions and conclusions you came to through your research. If you cannot briefly explain your findings, you can emphasize the most significant ones.

7. State Your Judgement.

Address the significance of your results and the significance of the publication to close up your summary. Both types of abstracts will include a conclusion, but only the informative abstract will go into the ramifications of your study.

IMRaD Structure: What Is It?

For scientific publications, the IMRaD format is typical. IMRaD translates to:

  • Introduction

You demonstrate your familiarity with the subject matter of your study and the body of prior research in the introduction. An overview of the prior study, your thesis statement, a theory (if applicable), and an explanation of the present situation should all be included in your introduction.

  • Method

This chapter should demonstrate how you used reliable, legitimate procedures to arrive at your conclusions. Your research, professional intervention, and what you did or did not do will all be discussed here.

  • Results

The findings and information you gathered should take up most of your IMRaD paper. These paragraphs should be worded succinctly and factually.

Discussion In this chapter, go through the study’s or project’s findings, compare them to those of other studies, consider if more research is necessary, and offer suggestions that may be put into action.

Tips for Writing an Abstract 

  • Respect the word count. A typical abstract is between 100 and 250 words.
  • Comply with the abstract’s precise formatting specifications.
  • Instead of stating what the article will inquire about or examine, describe what it discovered.
  • Make a keyword list and write one to two sentences that briefly characterize each chapter or part. Utilize this as a foundation while you construct your abstract.
  • Read existing abstracts and use them as a model for organization and style. 
  • Reference particular elements of your results
  • Include keywords from your complete manuscript in your abstract

Avoid These Pitfalls When Writing an Abstract

  • Making numerous references to previous works
  • Clarifying any terms
  • Including details absent from the main text
  • Using extraneous filler words and complex vocabulary

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By Anurag Rathod

Anurag Rathod, as a blogger he used to spread all about app-based business, startup solution, on-demand business tips and ideas and so on.