General rules related to Phonetic sounds

phonetic sounds

In the pre-schools, the teachers teach phonetic sounds to the kids which is also called as “The sounds of language”. The main purpose of teaching phonetic sounds to kids is to make them aware about different speech sounds. 

General rules related to Phonetic sounds

In general, phonetics helps the toddlers in to burgeon their reading power and spelling learning ability. In the pre-schools, the children are of very young age and it is almost impossible for the kids to directly learn the new spellings and words. So, they are first taught various speech sounds which are known as “Phonetic sounds”.

Teaching the spellings with the help of phonetic sounds is also called as Orthography. When the offspring learn various sounds, they try to connect syllables. Syllables are parts of words. They are taught syllables first to help them utter the full word afterward. 

So, to know how to thrive in spelling and reading both, there are some important rules to understand – 

Vowel and consonants in syllables

Every syllable must contain one vowel sound like in the word u*nit and in the word an*i*mal. The syllables can also be made of consonants, for example, nap*kin, fan*tas*tic. etc

Long and short sounds vowels make

Vowels make different sounds and it is the consonant which decides whether the sound made by the vowel is long or short. When there is one vowel in a syllable, it makes short sound and it is followed by consonant for example -itch. Wis*con*sin is the closed syllable type pattern because the word is closed by the consonant making short sound. And when there is one vowel in the end of the word, it usually makes long sound, for example, banjo. This is called an open syllable pattern. 

Consonant diagraphs and blends

In the Consonant diagraphs, two consonants effort together to make a new sound. For example, slap, whiz, etc. Consonant blends are unlike diagraphs. The group of two or more than two consonants work together to form a new sound and the individual sounds could also be heard when the consonants are amalgamated together. 

Silent e

Some teachers call it ‘silent e’ rule and some teachers call it ‘magic e rule’. As “e” is the vowel which gives efficacy to the other vowels to make it sound loud. Whenever the students take assignment help Australia online, they are usually taught all the reading and writing rules to formulate a quality writing. 

Vowel ideographs

In this particular style, two vowels are side by side in a word and when they are used in this form, usually the second vowel becomes silent. The examples of this style (where the second vowel becomes silent
) is paint, beach, etc. 


Some vowels work together in a word and make a news sound. This phenomenon is called as Diphthong. The examples of diphthong is boil, cloud. 

R- followed vowels

When the vowel is followed by ‘r’ in a word and it produce a new sound, for example, car, germ, bird, etc. This process is called R-followed vowels or bossy “r’ vowels. 

“Schwa” sound

It is the most common sound made in the English language. The words which make sounds like “uh”, “ ih” are usually words which make schwa sound. Some more words that make sounds like schwa are banana and apartment.

The fizzle rule or “fszl rule”

The letters f,s,z,l are words which are doubled at the end of the syllable if followed by any vowel, usually, these letters are followed by the short vowel. The examples of this rule are stuff, fuzz, shell. However, there are also some exceptions to this rule, the words like bus, quiz don’t follow the same procedure. 

Soft and hard sounds made by consonants “c”, “g”

Sometimes the consonants like ‘c’ and ‘g’ makes soft and hard sounds. When the letter ‘c’ is used with the vowels or is followed by certain vowels, it makes soft sounds as for example, circus, cent. Similarly, sometimes when c is followed by other vowels, it makes strong sounds like cat, comb, etc. 

In the case of g, the soft sounds ‘g’ makes when followed by some vowels, for example, gel, gym. The hard sounds it makes when followed with vowels can be seen in the words like gorilla, yogurt, etc. 

K and CK rule

When any syllable end with k or CK, it is instantly followed by short vowel and is usually pronounced as “uck”, “ick” like “truck”, “brick”. When the consonant is followed by k and it has vowel in the starting of the syllable, it makes long sound for examples in the words like soak, task. 

The words sounding “j”/ “Ch.” sound

The words like badge, gadget makes j sound and is followed by short vowels. Similarly, some words make sound like “ch” such as clutch, blotch, these are also followed by short vowels. However, there are exceptions to this rule too. The examples of exceptions are words like such, rich, etc. 


All must have heard the English language basics to plurals like cat/cats, hat/hats. In addition to this, there are also some words like bushes, classes that ends with ‘es’ to make the words plural. 

Y rule

To make the words plural which ends with ‘y’ and ends with the vowel-like “toys”. In the words where y is followed by the consonant, the “y” is changed to “i” and afterward ‘es’ is added. Examples of this phenomenon is pony/ponies, curry/curries. 

Some exceptions to this rule – 

As many words in the English use phonetic rules but there are some exceptions to this methodology too. As in the case of sight words and bandwidth words.

If the toddler is facing any problem with the speaking o reading, phonetics can help them to improve the reading and speaking skills of toddlers. The parents can also hire reading specialists which can help the young juvenile a great deal to form the basis in speaking and reading. 


I, Lucy Zara, a passionate writer. I have written a number of creative articles, blogs, guest posts for various websites online. Apart from this, the students in Australia also ask for writing help from me. I am an English language specialist and I deal with the problems that students face in English language.

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