The ovaries are placed on opposite sides of the uterus and are about the size of an almond. The ovaries’ role is to store eggs and create female hormones. Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumour that grows abnormally in a woman’s ovaries. It is one of the top five causes of cancer mortality in women. Women over the age of 60 are at a greater risk of developing ovarian cancer (though it can occur at any age). If identified early, there is a very good possibility that it may be healed. Unfortunately, ovarian cancer is difficult to diagnose in its early stages. When it has gone beyond the ovaries, symptoms are more likely to appear.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
- Feeling full soon or having difficulty eating
- Gastrointestinal bloating
- Indigestion or heartburn
- Pain in the abdomen or pelvis
- Appetite loss
- Urine symptoms such as frequency and urgency
- Weight gain or reduction that occurs suddenly
While these symptoms may be caused by other medical issues, it is best to consult with your healthcare provider if they persist.
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Ovarian Cancer Causes
Many studies on ovarian cancer have been carried out by best cancer hospitals in India. However, the precise cause remains uncertain. Researchers and experts have been unable to identify any environmental contaminant or dietary behaviour that can be directly connected to ovarian cancer. Certain factors, however, might enhance a person’s chances of developing ovarian cancer.
- If someone has never been pregnant/unexplained infertility
- Early mensuration and late menopause
- Had been through colorectal, uterine and breast cancer
Ovarian Cancer Types: There are three basic forms of cancer, each distinguished by the type of cells in which it begins —
- Epithelial Ovarian Tumours are made up of cells that grow on the surface of the fallopian tube or ovary.
- Germ cell Ovarian Tumours — they are tumours that develop from the cells that produce eggs.
- Cord Stem Cells Ovarian Tumours are cancers that arise from the connective tissue of the ovary.
Ovarian Cancer Stages: The course of the disease, as well as how far and where a tumour has spread, are used to determine the stage. It assists in determining treatment options and how to proceed.
- Stage 1: A tumor’s growth is restricted to the ovaries (one or both)
- Stage 2: A tumour has spread to other organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, colon, or bladder, in addition to the ovaries (one or both).
- Stage 3 – The tumour has migrated to the abdomen and lymph nodes.
- Stage 4 – When a tumour extends outside of the abdominal cavity, such as to the lungs or liver, this is called stage 4.
The stage or course of the disease influences the therapy option. The oncology department uses the data to choose the best cancer treatment.
Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis: Several tests can be used to diagnose ovarian cancer. These tests are frequently ordered when your doctor discovers an enlarged ovary during a pelvic check. Blood tests, pelvic ultrasound, laparoscopy, and laparotomy may be required in this circumstance.
What You Can Do to Prevent Ovarian Cancer?
As According to one of the best cancer hospitals in India, if you follow the suggestions below, you can easily avoid getting ovarian cancer.
- Check yourself on a regular basis.
- Any stomach pain or vaginal bleeding should be reported to your doctor very once. If you have a family history of ovarian cancer, talk to your doctor about it and learn more about the danger to your health.
- Make sure you’re eating well.
Now that you know everything there is to know about ovarian cancer, make sure you look after your health. Any irregularities should be reported to the doctor as once for the best possible treatment. Take precautions!