Academic writing is used to express and deliver one’s thoughts through a brief, yet sufficiently persuasive scholarly text. It is crucial for successful education at university and further research activities, including at the international level.
Academic writing has always been a means of scientific and educational communication between different countries. Its principles guide the leading editors of the most competent scientific editions all over the world, so everyone should master them at least to facilitate their way up the career ladder in academia.
To start writing academic texts might be hard and daunting since you need to consider different factors, details, approaches while making up your text. If you ever feel like you need help with academic texts, contact a professional paper writing service where experts will gladly assist you with assignments and tasks.
Academic writing genres
Academic writing system creators distinguish primary (research paper, distinguish primary (research paper, dissertation, academic review, etc.)genres and secondary ones (description of a research project, thesis, abstract, annotation).
- In scientific articles, an author cites the results of their own research. Besides the facts, it contains logical reasoning and reflection upon the results.
- One writes a dissertation in order to obtain a master’s degree or other academic degrees.
- The review includes a review of the scientific text and a critical assessment of the work.
- The abstract is a concise summary of any primary source (article, dissertation, abstract, etc.), a short rendering of its essence. It lists the issues considered on the topic. A description of the structure of the paper is possible.
In addition, researchers must master another genre – the non-fiction genre used to publish an expert point of view in a broad public field.
All these genres differ in content, language features, composition, and functional and verbal specificity. At the same time, they share one main feature – clarity, precision, and unambiguous expression of thoughts.
Academic style features
There are lots of peculiarities that should be taken into account. First, an academic text should have a simple structure consisting of an introduction, the main body, and a traditional conclusion.
- The introductory part briefly reveals the topic and introduces the reader to the subject.
- In the main part of the author refers to scientific research on the topic and presents his own vision of the problem studied.
- The conclusion sums up, outlines further perspectives on the issue under study, makes predictions.
When constructing sentences, an author uses special terminology and professional abbreviations of terms, which the audience is supposed to understand. When you read it, there should be no questions left, the topic should be disclosed fully and understandably
Another important aspect is the clarity and precision of statements and the absence of spatial reflections of no practical value to the reader.
Obviously, the rules of grammar, punctuation, and spelling must be strictly followed. This facilitates understanding, eliminates distortion of meaning and ambiguity of what is said.
It is desirable to use citations and to refer to the work of other scholars. This demonstrates the competence of the researcher, the breadth of his research, and its completeness. When referring to other studies, their essence should be disclosed so that the reader can understand what it is about and for what purpose the author gave a particular example.
The genres of academic writing follow a particular tone that dictates word choice and phrasing and adheres to the traditional conventions of structure, punctuation, grammar, and spelling. Academic writing is most often characterized by a simple structure: introduction, the main part, the conclusion.
For example, in an essay, in the introductory part, the author informs the reader about the nature of the topic, which is discussed, and the main body of the essay. In the introduction, it is also possible to summarize in two or more phrases his own opinion on the issue, which will then be presented in detail in the main body.
In the main body, references are made to other scholarly works to state one’s own opinion.
The conclusion is a conclusion that summarizes key points made in the scientific essay. The final part outlines the prospects for research related to the issues considered issues.
Thus, academic writing is a linguistic competence, which allows a researcher to read, understand, and write scholarly texts. Traditionally, academic genres are divided into primary and secondary, which in turn are divided into certain types. The genres of academic writing have a number of features:
– simple structure (introduction, main part, conclusion),
– citations and references to the work of other authors,
– awareness of the future audience,
– clarity and accuracy of statements,
– adherence to the rules of punctuation, grammar, and spelling.
In conclusion, it should be noted that mastering scientific text and academic writing is necessary for everyone: undergraduate students, graduate students, teachers, scientists, and researchers who publish scholarly articles.